Author Guidelines for ‘Indian Journal of Applied Orchid Research’ (IJAOR), NRC for Orchids, (ICAR), Pakyong-737106, Sikkim, India

The articles submitted by authors to journal must be original, unpublished research work and not for consideration elsewhere (or) submitted (or) published. The manuscript must be typed in English language, in double space in proper format leaving one inch margin in all sides of standard A4 size paper (8.2 x 11.7 inches). The text should be in font size ‘12’ with ‘Times New Roman’ style in MS Word format. The research articles must cover the details in following order viz., Article Title, Authors (with affiliation, address & e-mails), Abstract (250 words), Key words, Introduction (in brief), Materials & Methods, Results & Discussion, Conclusion, Acknowledgement, References, Tables and Figures. Appropriate sub-titles/sub-headings can be used, where ever essential. The authors are requested submit their manuscripts through online/e-mail ( (or), Alternatively, the manuscripts (hard copies) should be submitted in triplicate by post to The Editor-in-Chief, Indian Journal of Applied Orchid Research, NRC for Orchids, (ICAR), Pakyong-737106, Sikkim. The duly signed author’s certificate along with declaration on conflict of interest should reach by mail (or) post before acceptance for publication of article in journal.

The Chief Editor/Associate Editors have the right to comment on standard and suitability of article submitted by authors for publication in the journal on receipt. The article will be finally accepted, only after critical comments received from the two best reviewers along with editors and subsequent incorporation of revisions suggested for any improvement. However, the authors can also suggest three potential reviewers (or) subject experts (with e-mail) for reviewing their papers. The authors have right to re-send their manuscripts to other journals, if no response is communicated within 60 days from the editors of IJAOR journal and vice versa to the authors, regarding the re-submission of reviewed manuscripts for revisions that are under due consideration for acceptance, otherwise considered as withdrawn.

The contribution of articles to the journal, except from the invited reviews from experts is open to the members of the professional society. IJAOR is currently the official, biannual and open access e-journal for its forthcoming professional society at ‘National Research Centre for Orchids’, (ICAR), Pakyong-737106, Sikkim, India. For any publication, it is mandatory for all the first three authors to become members of the society. Any non-members submitting their articles should at least become annual members for all authors.

Annual Subscription
SAARC Countries
Individual Rs. 1,000/- $ 50 USD $ 25 USD
Students/Research Scholars Rs. 500/- $ 25 USD $ 15 USD
Institutions Rs. 2,000/- $ 100 USD $ 50 USD
Corporate Rs. 5,000/- $ 250 USD $ 125 USD
Life Membership Rs. 2,000/- $ 100 USD $ 50 USD
IJAOR - Manuscript Format & Style

The ‘Indian Journal of Applied Orchid Research’ (IJAOR) is currently the biannual and open access e-journal for the publication of original research in all aspects covering taxonomy, conservation, germplasm, characterization, evaluation, breeding, cytogenetics, molecular biology, biotechnology & bioinformatics, crop physiology, production technologies, post-harvest management, crop protection, entomology, pathology, virology, IPRs and policy related issues of orchids. Manuscripts should be thoroughly revised before submission and the each full length research paper must not exceed 3,000 words including tables and illustrations etc. Short communications should be restricted to about 1,000 words, including tables, figures and references and should have only title, author’s name and address, followed by text and references; on areas related to the (i) research results that are complete, but do not warrant comprehensive treatment, (ii) description of new material/genus/species/pests/microorganism (or) improved techniques (or) equipment and, (iii) a part of thesis (or) dissertation work (or) study. The full length paper should have the following headings.

Title of paper: The title should be short, specific and informative typed in first letters capitals and bold. The botanical/ scientific names should be italicized.

Authors: Name of authors to be typed in first letters capitals and unaccompanied by degrees, titles etc. It is mandatory to give e-mail address of first author for all future communications.

Address (es): Address of the institution where the work was carried out in italics (non-bold), followed by e-mail address of first author (or) corresponding author in brackets. Present address of the correspondence should be given as the footnote.

Abstract: Abstract in brief not exceeding 200 words, covering main findings and important conclusions, typed after address in double spacing.

Keywords: The abstract should be followed by not more than five key words indicating the contents of the research paper. The terms specific to crop, parameters, analysis, pest and diseases etc., should be invariably included as key words.

Main headings: Each full length research paper will be divided into the following main headings, which are to be typed only the first letter capitals in left of the page: Abstract, Introduction, Materials and methods, Results and Discussion, Acknowledgements, References.

Sub headings: Typed flush left in first letters capital, under lined (or) italicized.

Paragraph Heading: Typed indented, only the first letter capital, ending with a period underlined.

Introduction: Should be brief and limited to the statement of the problem and aim of the experiment. The literature reviewed should be pertinent to the problem under study.

Materials and method: Should include relevant details on nature of the material, experimental design, the techniques employed, and the statistical methods used, including author references.

Results and discussion: Should preferably be combined to avoid repetition. Statistically analysed data, which are essential for drawing main conclusion from the study, are to be given and other than not presented in tables and figures. All units, measurements and abbreviations should be in metric (SI) system. The conclusions must be broadly indicated at the end of the discussion.

Tables: Tables should be typed on separate sheets, each with a heading. Tables should be typed with the first letter (T) only capital, with Table number in Arabic numerals, followed by a period. The numerical may be restricted to only one (or) two decimal figures only.

Figures/illustrations/graphs: Only good quality figures that are essential shall be accepted. The illustrations should be relevant to research findings and does not repeat the data presented in tables. The data reported in illustrations must be subjected to appropriate statistical analysis (or) standard software. Text figures should be used in preference to plates. Should be drawn in black Indian ink preference on good tracing paper and should be of the size: 12 cm (width) & 9–18 cm (height). Figures meant for reduction should have multiple dimensions of the above size. Letters, numbers, dots, lines etc., in the drawing should be large enough to permit reduction without loss of details. Text figures should be numbered in Arabic numerals in order of their reference. Captions and legends to illustrations should be typed at bottom (or) mentioned on a separate sheet of paper.

Photographs: Should be of high contrast on glossy paper. Photograph number and title of the article with author’s names should be given on the back of each photograph. Use magnification with a bar scale, where ever necessary. The high quality digital photos (+ 10 mega pixel) with suitable titles and numbering is also desirable, along with manuscript submissions on line/mail.

Acknowledgements: Should mention only assistance received in real terms, apart from financial grant provided by an agency.

References: The references should be cited in the text by authors and year in the form of (Arditti, 1977; Anonymous, 1998; Barman and Devadas, 2013; Naik et al. 2013). Author’s name to be written in normal sequence, with surnames first, followed by initials (in double space). Indicate the corporate (or) group authors with name of the body in citation (World Bank, 2003). The patents, web/online, blog spot, electronic media, technical reports and government documents should be available (for reviewers) and mentioned appropriately. The unpublished (personal communications) should be mentioned in the text, but not be reflected in citations. However, written permission from author required for personal communications. Name of journal (italics), title of books and name of publisher are to be given in full form. The volume of journal should be bold, followed by number in parentheses, colon and page numbers. The references should be arranged in alphabetical order and listed at the end of the paper as follows:

1. Arditti, J. (1977). Orchid Biology: Reviews and Perspectives. Vol. I. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York.

2. Chowlu, K., Devi, Y. N., Rao, A. N., Angela, N., Sharma, H. B., & Akimpou, G. (2014). Oberonia manipurensis sp. nov. (Orchidaceae) from Manipur, India. Nordic Journal of Botany, doi: 10.1111/njb.00591 (Sept 4, 2014).

3. Meena, N. K., Barman, D., & Medhi, R. P. (2013) Impact of abiotic factors on the incidence of mites on orchids and its potential on flower production. In: Agro-forestry and climate change management. A. Arunachalam, J. C. Dagar & A. K. Singh (ed.), Pointer Publishers, Jaipur, pp 116-121.

4. Naik, S. K., Barman, D., Rampal., & Medhi, R. P. (2013). Evaluation of electrical conductivity of the fertilizer solution on growth and flowering of a Cymbidium hybrid. South African journal of Plant and Soil, 30 (1): 33-39.

5. Pansae, V. G., & Sukhatme, P. V. (1978). Statistical methods for Agricultural workers. Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi. 3rd ed., 347 p.

6. Upadhyaya, R. C., & Nagaraju, V. (2002). Orchids of India and their general status. International Seidenfaden Orchid Symposium-Orchid Biology and Conservation. 1-4 December, 2002, Chiang Mai, Thailand.

Author's Certificate details will be here!!!!!!!

Declaration & Conflict details will be here!!!!!!!


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